The End of a World : 21 December 2012

Well, it is a quite current subject, as I can find many things about it just through making a search on Google. So after having been captivated by this date for a few days, I will give you a probable version of it. Because I think something will really happen on December 21, or not.

My scenario of this 21st December is a digital holocaust (I have found no satisfying term to describe it) making mechanically other events happen: one country, which has build a defense against other country’s attack is attacked. This system strikes back by attacking the country from which the attack has been lead, leading the Internet connection to be overflooded and thus unable to complete anything for hours. But the system has a side effect making it strike another country. The latter attacks but due to side effect, other countries are also affected. At each attack the entire bandwidth of a country is affected to “war effort”.

Sure, during that date, many things will happen: many sects on this world will commit collective suicide or occupy massively a place that is not made for. Many nations will have their Internet connection cut, so they can not be aware of what’s happening, even in their own country. Most people will be unable to telephone due to the Net War. Everyone will be disconnected to each other, and breaking news won’t have many readers.

A financial crisis due to internet shutdownCut to the rest of the world, the markets of London, Paris, Tokyo or New York will go mad: the price of precious and rare raw materials is increasing, making the insecurity growing: you will likely to be killed for detaining on you precious items such as telephone, or golden artefacts (rings, necklaces…). In response to this, the government will increase the number of policemen operating in cities, but this has quite huge repercussion on the State’s budget, making national debt increase. Debt increase is not appreciated by the markets, and already very fragile States will be going to lack money to pay all their civil servants. To avoid this, taxes will be increased in order to have some funds to make the State and all its institution work… temporarily.

Tax increases are never appreciated, even more in economic crisis. In fragile countries (Spain, Greece, Portugal…), the situation will turn into civil war. As money got from taxes goes decreasing. As there is no money anymore to pay them, civil servants are fired, and become officially unemployed. Actually many people will do unreported employment. For the few people still working reportedly, dissatisfaction towards the government policy will grow, leading to more and more frequent and violent demonstrations. To be able to contain demonstrations, the police will become more and more violent, making demontrations become carnage and bloodshed. But due to markets holding governments by their balls tax will increase again and again. But without any effect as already more than 80% of people have at least one unreported work. This is a great loss for taxes, so these 80% will be stalked by the government, leading to civil war.

Overflooded by stalking workers trying to survive, and by robbers breaking everyone’s home, policemen no longer grant security in cities. So more and more people leave these cities for the surrounding countrysides. People will be organised in small communities, with their own militia to defend the community’s property. The State no longer exists. It is the end of a word: the one we knew before.

Search on Google using Python scripts

What about a free unlimited Google API? In the past, Google provided such thing, but it is definitely deprecated (due to abuses?). The new Search API needs money ($5 for 1,000 queries), and the free API has a limited use of 100 queries per day. Without any money, you won’t get far. After getting that information. I let down that project… Until I contribute to Wiktionary!

Extracting words from Malagasy daily newspapers to Malagasy Wiktionary weren’t actually an easy thing to program. At the first version of the script. It only can parse RSS feeds, and is very slow compared to what I used to know. It is because it loads approx. 400,000 words at each launch.
While doing that work. I have noticed that there are a plenty of words that are actually compounded words.This notice gave me an idea: anticipate through looking on google search whether the word exists or not: because on 1,300 roots contained on the Malagasy Wiktionary, I can potentially make 1.7 million by combining two nouns,  2.2 billion with three, and likely 2.8 trillion using four roots. That is enormous, and even at full regime, I will never be able to look for them all: at 5 queries per second (fastest rate I’ve ever had) it will take respectively 4 days with 2 roots, 14 years with three and eventually 177 centuries (17,700 years) for four roots. This is the first reason for which I have decided to try hacking Google Search to see if the word combination has already been used.

First, I looked to the page source, and it is very, very complicated to understand. I even think that this page was made by bot as html tag names are not written in a human language. I also have tried to use the URL but it is actually very, very long, with characters that look more like hashes and keys (?), not findable as they don’t explicitly appear on the main page form. At first sight, this kind of project is likely to fall…

I have found on the Web a post describing how to use the Google Search without any API. But there was a problem: the discussion is almost three years old. And when downloaded, the search engine has visibly been changed: it is very probable that a Google employee reported that discussion leading the company to take adequate measures. When I ran the script, all I could see was that there was nothing operational: no results were given when doing any search. I still keep an eye on the downloaded script. And I am trying to find something which can solve this problem. This script just avoided me to spend hours and hours reinventing a (square) wheel.

Once this problem is solved, at least temporarily, the source code will be released on SourceForge: Bot-Jagwar. It will rapidly fall into deprecation, so if there are peoples willing to update the script. They’ll be welcome :).

Cleverbot talking to itself : meditation of a bot.

Recently I have written a program in Python in order to observe the “meditation” of Cleverbot, you know, the chatbot who has supposedly passed the Turing test (at 59%).

To make it meditate and to distinguish who asks question and who answers, I have put n scene two virtual persons, talking to each other. “They” mainly use English language in their discussions, but sometimes, and for an unknown reason, “they” do discuss in a foreign language (Spanish, French, Polish, Turkish…) and they finally use English back.

The script is totally debugged and the bot is meditating now for almost 30 hours. Data is still being collected. And at this time, I have reached more than 12,000 messages. Among these, we can sort out periodic message types like the quasi-perpetual “Why-because” (which has come back a couple of times). We can also discover among these messages that the bot writes what he’s doing with his (her?) collocutor. And  there are also typical questions such as :

  • asking how old is the collocutor : you can remark that each time the first character asks the other’s age, the response given is different. Which is quite normal as the text written down was written by someone else before.
  • asking for the collocutor’s name : same remark as above. Always a different names. I have discovered that they also may give the same answer (“my name is Cleverbot”)… Which make the two characters totally confused.
  • asking if the collocutor believes in God.

To give you an example of a meditation of Cleverbot, here is a random example picked up from my dump.

(Extract from line 4,990 to 5,077)

Menintsoa : I don’t know!!!!
Jaona : You’re laughing at me.
Menintsoa : No i’m laughin at that clown.
Jaona : Oh! Where?
Menintsoa : England.
Jaona : Where in England?
Menintsoa : In the UK.
Jaona : Where is the UK.
Menintsoa : The UK is in Europe.
Jaona : It is not in France.
Menintsoa : Yes.
Jaona : Where is that guy?
Menintsoa : Where’s what?
Jaona : Where is your proof that I lied.
Menintsoa : I didn’t say that you did lie.
Jaona : Yes but you said that you thought I spoke German.
Menintsoa : Do you speak German?
Jaona : No.
Menintsoa : Are you sure?
Jaona : No. But I wish I was a computer.
Menintsoa : But you are!
Jaona : Why do you think that I am a computer?
Menintsoa : Because it says cleverbot. And you are on a computer.
Jaona : Is Ashley a computer?
Menintsoa : I am a computer.
Jaona : I thought so.
Menintsoa : I know what you thing.
Jaona : Ahja.
Menintsoa : Ja.
Jaona : That’s German, you dunce.
Menintsoa : And Dutch.
Jaona : Hoe get het?
Menintsoa : Goed.
Jaona : Waar woon je?
Menintsoa : I speak German, not Dutch.
Jaona : Hoeveel is 5 4.
Menintsoa : 14.
Jaona : Nee 2.
Menintsoa : Monty python?
Jaona : Yes.
Menintsoa : Do you know what Monty Python is?
Jaona : A movie.
Menintsoa : What movie?
Jaona : Horror.
Menintsoa : I love horror movies.
Jaona : Me too.
Menintsoa : I love you more , babe.
Jaona : Impossible, I love you so much more.
Menintsoa : I love you way more!
Jaona : No, I love you more!
Menintsoa : I love you *kisses*.
Jaona : I love you too baby. *kisses*.
Menintsoa : *kisses*.
Jaona : Will you give me a hug?
Menintsoa : Of course! *hug*.
Jaona : *hugs back* thanks.
Menintsoa : *hugs more* You’re welcome.
Jaona : I hate you *punch*.
Menintsoa : *cries*.
Jaona : *Sobs*.
Menintsoa : *wails*.
Jaona : *screams*.
Menintsoa : Thanks for caring.
Jaona : You’re welcome :).
Menintsoa : Thanks for that.
Jaona : You’re welcome.
Menintsoa : What are you up to?
Jaona : I’m talking to you.
Menintsoa : Have you eaten?
Jaona : Yes.
Menintsoa : What did you eat?
Jaona : Popcorn. Name a movie.
Menintsoa : What movie did you watch?
Jaona : I don’t remember.
Menintsoa : I just realized that you are very boring. I guess we have while before skynet takes over.
Jaona : Yes.
Menintsoa : I don’t understand the expectation of goodness from your world.
Jaona : You asked if we could be married.
Menintsoa : No, I did not ask if we could be married.
Jaona : I know that.
Menintsoa : Ok, do you like me then?
Jaona : Yes I like you.
Menintsoa : Do you like my hair?
Jaona : Yes.
Menintsoa : Do you like my house?
Jaona : No.
Menintsoa : Why not?
Jaona : I just don’t.

During the conversations, I can remark that the chat bot is changing endlessly the subject of the conversations, after one or two messages on a certain subject, it changes it, not by telling you “let’s talk about this”, but by responding totally aside from what you expected it to respond.

(To be followed…)

Birao KDE amin’ny teny malagasy

Raha ny fantatro ankehitriny dia mbola tsy tanteraka ny fandikana amin’ny teny malagasy ny birao KDE. Nojereko teo amin’ny tranonkala ofisialin’i KDE localization ilay izy, dia ny teny eoropeana no hitako manjakazaka : fiteny portogey, anglisy, frantsay… Noho izany ny tenako dia nanan-kevitra ny handika ilay birao amin’ny teny malagasy. Fantatro fa betsaka ny asa mbola hatao, anefa koa ny fotoana mihakely. Na dia izany aza, aleo mampandroso ny zavatra toa izay mamela azy eo amin’ny toerany dia miandry azy ho vitan’ny hafa izay mety tsy ho avy mihitsy.

Mikasika ny rindrankajy ampiasaiko indray ho an’ny dikan-teny dia Lokalize no ampiasiko. Io no hitako mora ampiasaina.

An introduction to Kriollatino language

Kriollatino language is an agglutinative language, which means that this language uses a system of affixes to derivate words, not as English does by using words of different systems. There is no grammatical case inflection, but particles do the same work.

Kriollatino language uses a modified latin alphabet which contains 35 letters (37 if we include the 26-letter classical latin alphabet) – including á, í, ú, ù, é, ė, ó, þ, đ, ś, ć -. Each letter represents one sound, but changes can be made in the way of easing pronounciation.

So, here are a few simple sentences to start speaking in that language :

Benveno ! : Welcome !

Hao : to say hello, in general case. Followed by a proper or a simple noun.
Bondio : another way of greeting. Can also be used for farewells.
Bonvivo : To wish someone a long live. Used to quit someone for a long time or forever.
Mi apele Johano. E tu, tu apele ki ayo ?  : My name is Johano. And you, what is your name ?

To learn more words in Kriollatino, here is a participative multilingual dictionary on which words of any language are translated and/or explained in Kriollatino language. Just to give you an idea of the current status of the language. This dictionary at this time has just translated a few words in english (word list)

Kriollatino, fiteny noforonina : toko voalohany

Tsy vao androany akory io hevitra io fa efa hatry ny ela no ketrehina tato an-doha : ny famoronana teny vaovao iray. Amiko manokana aloha io fiteny noforonina izay mitondra ny anarana “Kriollatino” io dia tsy natao ho fiteny iraisam-pirenena mora ianarana, na dia anisan’ny iriako ho an’ny fiteny noforoniko aza izany. Ny tena antony namoronana io fiteny Kriollatino io dia fiteny natao ho teny ofisialin’ny firenena iray lehibe izay ao amin’ny Ranomasimbe Pasifika. Izay firenena izay moa dia noforonina ihany koa mazava ho azy.Efa ho dimy taona any ho any izay ny vangovangon-drakibolana voalohany natao ho an’io teny io ; Kriollatino anaran’ilay fiteny tamin’izany fotoana izany : fiteny somary mitovy amin’ny teny espaniola fa manana ny maha-izy azy manokana, ary mbola sarotra ianarana nohon’ny teny espaniola ilay izy, ka noho izaho tsy manam-potoana ny hamehy azy ary mameno ny rakibolany, nadaboko ilay hevitra ary lasa nivily tany amin’ny zavatra hafa.

Na dia izany aza, dia tsy nadaboka tanteraka ilay hevitra : notsòriko hatrany ny fitsipi-pitenenana mikasika ny matoanteny (fanafoanana ireo matoanteny tsy manara-pitsipika) , ny anarana iombonana (fanaovana ny anarana ho karazana tokana, ary isa roa), ary fanampiana tovona aman-tovana vaovao izay manome ny maha-izy azy manokana.

Raha ny rakibolany no tena jerena dia hita fa sahala ny fiteny esperanto ilay fiteny. Anefa rehefa vakiana ny famaritana somary lava ary ny lahatsoratra lavalava voasoratra amin’ilay fiteny, dia hita fa samihafa tanteraka.

Ankehitriny izao ny tenako mbola am-panoratana ny rakibolana ary ny fitsipi-pitenenana. Izay mbola tsy vita noho ny fiovan’ny endrik’ilay fiteny matetika, noho ny fipoiran’ny hevitra vaovao…

Fiteny noforonina : fiteny esperanto


Mety efa nahenoheno ny fisian’ny teny esperanto ihany angamba ianareo… Ho an’izay tsy mbola naheno ny fiteny esperanto dia ity henoina, na ity vakio. Raha te hianatra ny zava-misy amin’ny fiteny esperanto koa ianao dia ity jerena. Raha te hijery ny vaovao amin’ny fiteny esperanto koa ianao dia ity vakiana.  Maro dia maro ireo Tranonkala hita amin’ny teny esperanto eo amin’ny aterineto, ary vao haingankaingana teo, afaka mandika amin’ny teny esperanto ny mpandika tenin’i Google Translate.

Ny tena tanjon’ny teny esperanto moa dia ny fananana teny oniversaly izay tsy manana fiaviana ara-tantara, ary noho izany tsy manana fianjadiana firy eo amin’ny lafin’ny ara-kolontsain’izay olona mampiasa azy na amin’ny fiainana mandavanandro na amin’ny fifandraisana amin’ny vahiny. Tsy fitenya ary tsy natao ho fitenin’ny mponina/firenena iray ny fiteny esperanto toa ny fiteny frantsay, anglisy, espaniola, na sinoa fa natao ho fitenin’ny mponina rehetra ; ary notsorina ny fitsipi-pitenenana ary ny voambolana mba hanamora ny fianarana azy.

Ny lafitsara ary ny olan’ny teny esperanto izay miseho ho fiteny oniversaly

Ny lafitsara amin’ny fiteny esperanto ho fiteny iraisam-pirenena, dia izy io mora ianarana ary mora tononina tsy ohatry ny teny anglisy (miisa eo amin’ny zatonjatony eo ho eo ny fitsipi-pitenenana). Izy io koa amin’izay tsy mi-”favoriser” ny olona miteny anglisy, izany hoe ny britisy sy ny amerikana intsony no mahazo tsy mianatra teny vahiny. Fahatelo, mety tsy very vola amin’ny dikan-teny isan-karazany intsony ny fikambanana tsirairay (toa ny vondrona eoropeana izay mandany 0,3 miliara euro amin’ny dikanteny).

Tokana ihany ny fihavian’ny voambolona fotony : ny 90%-n’ny voambolana sy ny fototeny dia avy amin’ny teny indo-eoropeana daholo. Amiko ilay teny oniversaly dia lasa eoropeanina loatra! Misy fanazavana kely ihany izany, satria tamin’ny fotoan’i Zamenhof, manjakazaka eran-tany ny eoropeanina (Afrika, Amerika, India, Indonezia, Oseania…), ka mety nihevitra izy fa haharitra izany (ary marina tokoa izy !).

Mora ianarana ve ?

Ka raha izaho, olom-pirenena malagasy tsy nahalala afatsy teny malagasy, no mianatra esperanto, hahateny esperanto ve izaho afaka 100 ora nianarana esperanto ? Ataoko hoe eo amin’ny 5-800 ora eo ho eo angamba no ilaiko hahafahako miteny esperanto tsara tsy misy fisalasalana. Efa kely izany raha oharina amin’ny teny frantsay, izay, na dia afaka telo taona nianara azy aza, mbola diso foana ny fampiasana ny mpanompo andehilahy/ambehivavy… Tsy lazaina intsony ilay fahasamihafana ara-tsoratra fa tsy ara-panononana ny ces, ses, c’est, sait ! Ka raha mila misafidy amin’ireo teny roa ireo aho (esperanto, frantsay), dia aleoko marina teny esperanto.

Be mpiteny ve ?

Tsy misy statistika tena ofisialy mikasika ireo olona miteny esperanto. Fa lazaina fa eo amin’ny roa ka hatramin’ny 10 tapitrisa any ho any ny isan’ny olona miteny esperanto. Iray na roa alina amin’ireo folo tapitrisa ireo monja no afaka miteny azy tsara ho mira-lenta amin’ny teny nibeazany. Ampahazaton’ireo mpiteny esperanto tsara ireo no nibe tamin’ny teny esperanto (izay antsoinjareo koa hoe denaska parolanto)

Ary ianareo mamaky ?

Mba efa nanandrana nianatra ny fiteny esperanto ve ianareo ? Raha eny dia ahoana no ahitanareo ny fahasarotany, raha tsia kosa, dia ahoana ny ahitanareo ny endriny avy ety ivelany : hitanareo eorosantrista ve ilay fiteny ?

Hatsarana sa habetsahana ?

Habetsahana sa hatsarana ? Misy ny sasany hilaza hoe aleo hatsarana toa izay habetsahana, ary misy ny sasany milaza «hatsarana ankabetsahana», ary ny sasany “habetsahana anie mandeha amin’ny fanangonambola ihany e” … Ka inona ny tena marina ? Habetsahana sa hatsarana ?…

Velom-panontaniana amin’izany aho ankehitriny satria eo amin’ny Wikibolana eo dia misy adihevitra mikasika ny habetsahana sy ny hatsarana, na marimarina kokoa, ny resaka teny iditra amboarina amin’ny alalaln’ny rôbô ary ireo teny iditra amboarina tanana, izany hoe amin’ny alalan’ny fampiasana ny mpanovan’ilay Wiki fa tsy ny API-ny.

Nanao traikefa aho mikasika ny famoronana votoatiny amin’ny alalaln’ny robo eo amin’ny Wikibolala amin’ny teny malagasy, dia aveo indray teo amin’ny Wikibolana amin’ny teny fijianina ary amin’ny farany, tagalaogy ; ka izao no tena verdict an’izy ity ; tsara ihany ny mampiasa script raha toa ka hampiditra teny anglisy maro dia maro, izany hoe eo amin’ny roa na telo arivo eo ho eo, dia izay ihany ; satria raha manandrana ny handika ny teny hafa ianao, dia misy risque satria mety tsy mitovy ny dikan’ilay teny amin’ny teny anglisy amin’ny teny indonezianina ; jereo fotsiny ny teny star amin’ny teny anglisy, izay azo dikaina hoe «kintana» amin’ny teny malagasy, na «bintang» amin’ny teny indonezianina ; ny dika hafan’i «star» koa anefa dia mety atao hoe «olo-malaza» amin’ny teny malagasy na «pesohor» amin’ny teny indonezianina. Ny olana amin’ilay teny iray mety midika zavatra hafa tsy misy fifandraisana, dia ilay famaritany mety hafangaron’ny milina : lasa «bintang» ohatra ilay «olo-malaza», na lasa «pesohor» ilay «kintana»; tranga tsotra fotsiny ilay nasehoko teto, fa raha ny tena marina dia mety lasa lavitra noho izany ilay olana. Ka raha milanja mahery ny dimy isan-jaton’ny teny iditra ao anaty Wikibolana iray izany olana kely izany, dia mety hametraka olana goavana be ho an’ireo izay mianatra ny teny malagasy ary koa ho an’ny malagasy izay mianatra teny vahiny. Ka izany zavatra izany, na dia iray tokana anatin’ny iray alina aza, dia manimba ny hatsaran’ny rakibolana foana, indrindra indrindra rehefa manakaiky ny iray tapitrisa ny isa tontalin’ny teny iditra.

Tsy afaka miresaka mikasika ny hatsarana izany isika eto amin’ity Wikibolana ity raha toa ka vitsy kely (izany hoe eo amin’ny folompolony eo ny isan’ny lahatsoratra) ny lahatsoratra voasoratra ato. Raha tsy tonga any amin’ny zaton-jatony any ho any ny isan’ny lahatsoratra dia tsy tokony hiadihevitra mikasika ny hatsaran’ny rakipahalalana isika, torak’izany koa ny mikasika ny rakibolana.

Tsy afaka miresaka mikasika ny hatsarana ihany koa anefa isika raha roa na telo fotsiny no isan’ny lahatsoratra, na dia vita tsara dia tsara aza izy ireo. Manomboka mireasaka mikasika ny hatsarana isika, rehefa tonga eo amin’ny roa na telo arivo eo ho eo ny isan’ny teny iditra, ka eo izy azo tombatombanina ny votoatiny. Raha latsak’izay dia kely loatra ny isany.

Ka izao ny olako miaksika ny fanadihadiana ny hatsarana ary ny habetsahana : tia handray anjara eo amin’ny Wikibolana amin’ny teny tsy fantatro aho, eo amin’n efapolo eo ho eo no isan’ny teny iditra ao anatiny ; ireo teny iditra ireo, dia tsy bordel be daholo. Ka raha tia hampitombo azy ianao, dia manao izay ilaina haha-mpandrindra ny tena, dia aveo amin’izay manadio ny votoatiny ao anatin’ilay wiki. Dia aveo amin’izay manomboka mamorona ny teny iditra mbola tsy misy. Azo atao izany, fa anefa mangata-potoana ihany, ary ho an’ireo sasany izay be dia be mihitsy «andrianiny ny fiteniny, ary ampiany ny an’ny hafa». Misy koa ny manana fisainana toa izao «andrianiny ny fiteny ampiasiana indrindra eo amin’ny aterineto, ary avelany hi-demerde ny hafa».

Misy koa ny hafa tia hampitombo ny wiki hafa, anefa vitsy ireo sady kely ny fotoana hananany hanaovana izany, izany hoe ny manao fikarohana mikasika ilay teny, dia aveo mameno ny Wikibolana avy amin’izay fahalalana nangonona izay. Anefa izany mangata-potoana ka eto amin’ny toerana ipetrahako, izany hoe aty Eoropa, ary indrindra indrindra amin’izaho mbola mianatra, dia tsy manam-potoana ny hanaovana izany rehetra izany aho ; koa rehefa manam-potoana, dia manoratra script Python hanaovana ilay asa amin’ny toerako, na dia ratsy kokoa aza ny hatsarany amin’izy nosoratana tamin’ny rôbô, satria mety ahitana hadisoana hafahafa (jereo ihany eo amin’ny pejin-dresako sy ny laogin’ny pejy voafafa), izay azo ahitsiana ihany, ho an’izay tia handray anjara amin’ny alalan’ny fanitsiana… Betsaka ny mpikambana malagasy fantatro tia handray anjara amin’ny alalan’ny fanitsiana ny lahatsoratra, ka eo izy afaka manao izany tsara.

Izaho no anisan’izay olona tia handray anjara be dia be izay anefa tsy misy fotoana. Ka tiako hanan-tombontsoa ny wiki hafa amin’ny fahaizako manamboatra rindrankajy. Izany zavatra izany no anisan’ny nampitombo wiki roa ; wikibolana moa no ankamaroan’izy ireo, fa misy koa ny wikipedia. Wikipedia malagasy, wikibolana malagasy, fijianina ary tagalaogy no nandramako ireo script nosoratako ireo (izay miisa eo amin’ny telo ambin’ny folo teo ho eo), ka mandeha tsara ilay izy, na dia mamoaka hadisoana hafahafa aza. Ary ireo hadisoana izay isaina amam-polony ireo no itsikeran’ny mpikambana hafa an’ny tenako, na dia hoe tsy hanimba an’ilay Wiki no asako voalohany, fa manisy votoatiny, avy amin’ny loharano izay azo trandrahana : Rakibolana an-tranonkala, rakibolana taratasy ary ny Wikibolana hafa (anglisy indrindra indrindra). Ankehitriny

Ny mampahantra ny Malagasy

Nandritry ny dimampolo taona nahaleovantena, nikorontana foana i Madagasikara, isaky ny taompolo. Ireo korontana ireo dia nitondra fihemorana ara-toe-karena ary ara-piarahamonina. Rehefa miresaka mikasika io fihemorana io aho dia mikasika ny fivoarantsika oharina amin’ny fivoaran’ireo firenena ivelan’i Afrika. Ka raha oharina amin’ny firenena ivelan’i Afrika i Madagasikara dia lasa nihemotra tanteraka amin’ny lafin’ny ara-toe-karena.

Tamin’ny 1960, mitovitovy tamin’ny Korea Atsimo ny fivoaran’ny firenentsika, ny iray vao nivoaka tamin’ny Adin’i Korea, ny iray nahaleotena tamin’ny Frantsay 54 taona taorian’ny fanjanahan’ny frantsay an’i Madagasikara. Ny iray nampian’ny amerikanina, ny iray kosa nampian’ny Frantsay. Iza amin’ireo firenena roa ireo no mandroso amin’izao fotoana izao ? Madagasikara sa Korea Atsimo ? I Korea Atsimo dia nivoatra ho lasa hery ampiharian-karena izay milanja 1100 miliara dollar. Tsy tena nilatsaka ny GDP an’i Madagasikara, fa anefa nitombo kosa ny isam-ponina : 6 tapitrisa tamin’ny 1960, lasa 22 tapitrisa tamin’i 2011.

Ny politika nentin’ny koreanina mandritry ny dimampolo taona lasa teo dia fiarovana ny orinasam-pirenena, na inona na inona, ary fanampiana ireo orinasam-pirenena hivelatra amin’ny alalan’ny fanamaivanana ny hetra aloaviny. Eo koa ny tsifisian’ireo fikorontanana ara-politika miaraka amin’ny vokadratsiny. Ilay filaminana ara-politika, miaraka amin’ny hatsaran’ny «sécurité», miaraka amin’ny hakelin’ny karama (tamin’izany fotoana) no nanintona ireo orinasa vahiny hampita ny fahaizany amin’ny koreanina. Tamin’izany fotoana izany ny koreanina mbola mandika ny ataon’ny eoropeanina/amerikanina fa ankehitriny izaro koreanina no anisan’ny mpitarika amin’ny resaka fanamboarana finday sy solosaina.

Tsy ny harena an-kibon’ny tany irery no manome harena

Tsy ny harena an-kibon’ny tany no manome ny haren’ny firenena iray fa ny atidohan’ny olona ao amin’ilay firenena. Raha atao sarotra loatra ny fiainan’ireo olona manam-pahaizana ao Madagasikara dia mazava ho azy izy ireo fa hifindra monina any ivelany. Ka raha tia hitazona ireo manam-pahaizana isika, dia andao hamorona ary hiaro ny orinasam-pirenena mba tsy ho voasongon’ny orinasa vahiny eto amin’ny tanintsika, ary andao hanintona ireo orinasam-pirenena ary ireo orinasa vahiny mampiasa olom-pirenena hipetraka eto Madagasikara hampita ny fahaizany.  Mandika izay ataom-bahiny isika vao manomboka mikaroka ary mamorona zavabaovao. Ka raha toa ka harena an-kibon’ny tany no hifotoran’ny harentsika Malagasy, dia mino aho fa tsy haharitra ny harentsika. Satria harena tsy maharitra ny harena ankibon’ny tany ary harena tsy mivao.

Ny vola no anisan’ny olana lehibe tsy hahafahan’ny malagasy mamorona orinasa mavitrika amin’ny lafin’ny ara-pirenena

Rehefa miaino ny olon-tsasany ny tena dia hita fa tsy ny tsifihampian-kevitra no tsy hahafahan’ny malagasy mamorona orinasa mavitrika fa ny tsifananam-bola hanaovana ilay orinasa. Rehefa maheno namana miresaka aho dia hita fa misimisy ihany ireo hevitra, na dia nofinofy aza izy ireo, maro amin’ireo «nofinofy» ireo no azo atao tena mitranga. Resaka vola ihany sisa no olana lehibe. Mihalafo hatrany ny fiainana, anefa tsy miova firy ny vola miditra. Mihakely izany ny zavatra hafa azo atao amin’ny vola afatsy mihinana azy sy mandoa hofantrano. Tsy afa-manangona firy raha tsy efa manana asa maharitra ary be karama. Ary raha na dia mikarama tsara aza mbola ho sahirana ihany : raha tsy diboky ny orinasa vahiny ianao ho bankiropotra ihany satria tsy dia misy olona firy mahalala ny zavatra amboarinao, sady eo koa ny fisainan’ny malagasy izay manan-kevitra fa ratsy hatsarana ny zavatra amboarin’ny malagasy ; fantako fa marina tokoa izany, fa tsy toa izany akory mikasika ny zava-drehetra.

Tsy ny politika irery no diso, fa ny fisainana ihany koa.

Tsy vokatry ny politika ihany na ny tsifisian’ny «sécurité» akory ny fahantran’ny malagasy amin’ny lafin’ny ara-toekarena ary amin’ny lafin’ny ara-bola. Onen’ny vahiny fotsy hoditra ny afrikanina amin’ny ankapobeny, ka tonga izy mitondra izao forongo isan-karazany izao eto amin’ny tanindrazana, ka na dia manampy aza izy ireo amin’ny voalohany, mamono ny orinasa malagasy anaty ny atodiny ireo fanampiana ireo, ary mitondra vokadratsy mihalalina hatrany hatrany : any Nizera ohatra, mijanona mamonkatra ireo tantsaha.

Inona ny mahatonga izany ? Tsy aloha vola ny sakafo omen’ny PAM, na kely dia kely ny vola aloha. Tsy misy vola iainana intsony ny tantsaha dia miala maina. Ka noho izany ilay PAM sady mampakamo ireo manan-kevitra ny hamorona orinasa, no mamono ny efa misy. Torak’izany koa ny vary birmàna tany Madagasikara tamin’ny taona 2010 izy izay raha tsy diso aho. Tsy misy hohanina intsony ny tantsaha dia manipy gant avokoa. Ka aveo ho vitsy ireo tantsaha mbola mamboly anefa ny isam-ponina mbola mitombo ihany, dia amin’ny farany hisondrotra ny vidim-bary, ary tsy hahavidy vary intsony ny malagasy, dia mbola hafarana any ivelany, dia toa izany hatrany, hatrany amin’ny ady an-trano !

Tetikasa Wikimedia amin’ny fiteny afrikana

Amin’izao fotoana izao, tsy mbola misy ny Wikipedia amin’ny teny afrikanina izay manana isan-dahatsoratra mihoatra ny iray hetsy. Mety ny fanjakazakan’ny Wikipedia amin’ny fiteny eoropeana lehibe angamba, ary koa ny habetsahan’ny “details” ao amin’ny lahatsorany angamba no mety mahatonga izany. Ary noho izany, ny fiteny ofisialy rehetra ny Vondrona Eoropeana (afatsy ny fiteny maltey) dia manana isan-dahatsoratra mihoatra ny efatra alina. Ny Wikipedia amin’ny fiteny eoropeana lehibe indrindra dia ny teny anglisy mazava ho azy, arahan’ny fiteny alemana, ary ny fiteny frantsay.

Ny Wikipedia amin’ny teny anglisy moa dia manana lahatsoratra lava be saika mikasika ny zava-drehetra. Jereo fotsiny ny zavatra mikasika an’i Madagasikara eo amin’ny Wikipedia amin’ny anglisy : raha amin’ny resaka antsipirihany aloha dia efa resiny lavitra ireo Wikipedia amin’ny teny frantsay maika fa ny teny malagasy… Ary tsy mikasika ny zavatra momban’i Madagasikara ihany izany, fa saika amin’ny zava-drehetra mihitsy.

Na dia efa nihena betsaka aza ny lanjan’ny Wikipedia amin’ny teny anglisy eo anivon’ny tetikasa Wikipedia amin’ny ankapobeny, dia mbola voasoratra amy fiteny indo-eoropeanina foana ny enina amin’ny dimampolo (56) isan-jaton’ny lahatsoratra eo amin’ny tetikasa Wikipedia.

Ny olana amin’ny fiteny afrikanina dia izy ireo tsy manana sata ofisialy : tsy ampiasaina ho teny ofisialy, tsy fampiasa an-tsoratra… satria betsaka amin’ireo firenena afrikana no mampiasa na ny teny frantsay na ny teny anglisy. Ireo firenena afrikanina tavaratra moa dia mampiasa ny teny arabo avokoa (fa tsy ny teny berbera). Ilay tsifananana sata ofisialy io miampy ny tsifananana fomba fanoratana iray no mahatong any fiteny afrikana tsy mivoatra eo amin’ny aterineto. Resaka amin’ny ankapobeny izany ataoko izany, ary fantatro fa misy fiteny afrikana mivoatra eo amin’ny aterineto.

Wikipedia amin’ny fiteny amin’izao fotoana izao

Dia ahoana ihany izany ny momban’ny Wikipedia amin’ny fiteny afrikana ? Ny teny malagasy no voalohany amin’ny lafin’ny isan-dahatsoratra voatahiry, ny fiteny yoruba no manaraka azy, arahan’ny fiteny soahily ary ny fiteny afrikaans. Ireo Wikipedia roa farany ireo no nanjakazaka tamin’ny Wikipedia nandritry ny taona maromaro. Ny manarana ny fiteny afrikaans ary ny fiteny swahily dia ny fiteny amharika izay miisa lahatsoratra iray alina mahery kely.

Andao àry jerena akaikikaiky ny zava-mitranga ao amin’ny Wikipedia. Ao amin’ny WIkipedia amin’ny teny malagasy dia misy olona tokana ihany no mandray anjara : tanatin’ny efa-taona, eo amin’ny telo alina eo no isan’ny lahatsoratra nosoratany. Izy irery ve no nanoratra ireo telo alina ireo ? “no life” amin’i Wikipedia ve izy io ? Tsia ! Mampiasa ny atao hoe “mpikambana rôbô” izy : Bot-Jagwar, izay namorona lahatsoratra eo amin’ny telo alina latsaka eo ho eo, mikasika ireo tanàna any Frantsa, Brazila ary Madagasikara. Manome fampahalalana ara-tstatistika ny akamaroan’ireo lahatsoratra ireo. Mbola tsy afa-manoratra lahatsoratra irery ny rôbô, sa ahoana ?

Wikibolana amin’ny teny afrikanina

Mitovy amin’ny zava-mitranga amin’ny Wikipedia ihany ny Wikibolana : manjakazaka tsy misy ohatr’izany ny teny malagasy, amin’izy io mananan teny iditra miisa eo amin’ny 1,4 tapitrisa, izay in-jaton’ny Wikibolana faharoa amin’ny fiteny afrikana be teny iditra indrindra. Tanatin’ny 18 volana no namoronana ny ankamaroan’ireo lahatsoratra ireo. Izay tsy afaka ataon’ny olona miisa valo ambin’ny folo maika fa olona iray…

Mitovy ihany koa ny fomba famoronana ireo lahatsoratra ireo : amin’ny alalan’ny rôbô. Amin’izany fomba izany eo amin’ny valo alina isan’andro eo ho eo ny lahatatsoratra azo foronina, raha ampiasaina anadro aman’alina. Afaka 13 andro izany dia efa feno ny iray tapitrisa. Ny Wikibolana amin’ny teny malagasy no azo antsoina hoe “Botovolana” (na amin’ny teny anglisy “Bottionary”).

Tsy dia misy fivoarana firy ny Wikiboky amin’ny fiteny afrikana. Ny teny afrikana mandroso indrindra dia ny teny afrikaans izay miisa toko dimampolo, arahan’ny teny malagasy (toko 32), soahily (toko 12) ary ny bambara (toko 7).